The global average surface temperature anomaly in 2010 was 0.36C compared with 0.37C in 1998 which is the warmest year on record. The anomaly is the difference in temperature compared with the long term average temperature between 1971 and 2000. The ranking is preliminary and is based on the January to November data and is subject to amendment in February when the December data is in.
The annual anomaly of the global average surface temperature in 2010 (i.e., the average of the near-surface air temperature over land and the sea surface temperature) is estimated at 0.36°C* above normal (based on the 1971 – 2000 average), most likely to become the second warmest record since 1891.
* Note: This value (hence its rank in the record, either) is subject to change, because at the moment of this announcement it is only a preliminary result that was calculated based on temperature observations for the period of January to November in 2010. High temperature deviations were noticeable especially in the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, in addition to most of the land surface over the world except in Central Asia.
On a longer time scale, the annual global average surface temperature has been rising at a rate of about 0.68°C per century.
The average temperature over land is expected to hit the warmest record. It can be presumed that the high temperatures in recent years have been influenced by natural climate fluctuations with the periods ranging from several years to several decades, as well as by global warming due to an increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gases including CO2. In addition to these contributions, this year’s warming can also be attributable to an El Niño event which lasted from summer 2009 to spring 2010.
The final report on the global temperature for 2010 is scheduled to be released in early February 2011.
See JMA press release here.
... following an extensive period of market-testing.
We are an online newspaper dedicated to providing the global climate community with a source of independent news covering all aspects of climate science.
Our mission is to fairly and accurately report the facts of climate science, developments in climate research and issues affecting the climate community as well as to report on the views of climate scientists.
If you have any comments to help us develop this publication then please let us know.
Site by Accentika